幸运农场

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2017年美国高校校园安全管理现状考察

来源:幸运农场_幸运农场彩票-专业购彩APP 北大保卫部 时间: 2017-01-14

shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

幸运农场yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

幸运农场er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

幸运农场tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

幸运农场guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

幸运农场zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

幸运农场(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

幸运农场meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

幸运农场jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

幸运农场(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

幸运农场liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

幸运农场si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

幸运农场hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

幸运农场(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

幸运农场yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

幸运农场xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

幸运农场(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

幸运农场xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

幸运农场meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

幸运农场tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

幸运农场(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

幸运农场muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

幸运农场meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

幸运农场liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

幸运农场si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

幸运农场(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

幸运农场jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

幸运农场shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

幸运农场er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

幸运农场xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

幸运农场tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

幸运农场guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

幸运农场san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

幸运农场muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

幸运农场meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

幸运农场si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

幸运农场jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

幸运农场xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

幸运农场(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

幸运农场kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

幸运农场xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

幸运农场tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

幸运农场(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

幸运农场(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

幸运农场meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

幸运农场muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

幸运农场meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

幸运农场liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

幸运农场si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

幸运农场jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

幸运农场yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

幸运农场(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

幸运农场xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

幸运农场shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

幸运农场yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

幸运农场kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

幸运农场er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

幸运农场youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

幸运农场(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

幸运农场zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

幸运农场jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

幸运农场muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

幸运农场meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

幸运农场(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

幸运农场meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

幸运农场liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

幸运农场(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

幸运农场yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

幸运农场(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

幸运农场congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

幸运农场yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

幸运农场er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

幸运农场san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

幸运农场(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

幸运农场zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

幸运农场si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

幸运农场(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

幸运农场(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

幸运农场meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

幸运农场guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

幸运农场san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

幸运农场(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

幸运农场(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

幸运农场muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

幸运农场meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

幸运农场meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

幸运农场liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

幸运农场jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

幸运农场xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

幸运农场congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

shougaodengjiaoyuxuehuibaoweixuezhuanyeweiyuanhuiweipai,lianluobulianxi、zuzhibeijinghangkonghangtiandaxuedengjiusuogaoxiaobaoweichutongzhifumeicanjia2017nianguojixiaoyuanzhifazhexiehuidi59jienianhui,bingshunfangmeiguomakaitedaxue、gelunbiyadaxue、binxifaniyadaxue、qiaozhichengdaxuedenggaoxiao,xuexilejieguojigaoxiaoanquanguanlihemeiguogaoxiaodejingyan。cixingshouhuopofeng,shixingyunnongchangguoneigaoxiaobaoweiganbuduiguojijingyanhemeiguoqingkuangyoulezhiguanganshou。jiehesuoxuesuoganhuibaoruxia:

gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoshiweihuxuexiaoanquanwendingheweiraoxuexiaozhengchangdejiaoxue、shengchan、keyanshenghuozhixu,weihuguangdashishengyuangongdezhengdangquanyierzhankaigexianggongzuo。suizhexingyunnongchangguogaodengyuanxiaodebuduanwanshanhekaifang,gaoxiaomianlindexiaoyuananquanxingshiyeriqufuzayanjun。yinci,gaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlixingyunnongchangduigaoxiaodewendingfazhanjuyouzhongyaoyiyi。meiguoxiandaigaodengjiaoyufada,gaoxiaoanquanguanliwentibushao,tongshiguojihuajingyanxiangduifengfu,duixingyunnongchangguodegaoxiaoanquanguanliyouhenduozhidejiejianzhichu。

幸运农场yi、tingqudianxingbaogaoyushiyongdezhutiyantao

kaochaxiaozuzaimeiguomakaitedaxuecanjia“gaoxiaoanquanbaoweigongzuoguojixueshunianhui”dexuexixingyunnongchang,renzhentingqule“lingdaocengcongkelunbaigaozhongqiangjianyijiqitaleisianjianzhongyingxiqudejiaoxun”、“weisikangxinxiangshuxiqiangjianjianjiangshu”yijimeiguojiaoyubuxiangxijieshao“kelailifaanzunshouqingkuang”,canjialexiaozuyantaohui,ji“lingdaohaishiguanli?-zaiqianxianlingdao”、“suishenxiedaishelujiyishishishiji”、“huanhejushi:chuangzaoheshishicelveshijinzhangjushijiangji”、“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”、“zaijingchazuzhineibujianlichengxuzhengyi:duigejigoujinxingpeixun”、“bimianjushishengjihaishilingjinzhangjushijiangji:zhongxinshenshizhanshugoutongheyanyuziweipeixundezhongyaoxing“meiguojiaoyubugongminquanlibangongshi2014-2016shenjijieguo:zhuyaojielunduigaoxiaodezhengce/chengxu”、“shurenxingqinanjiandiaochazhong,ruhejiejuebeigaobianhuwenti”、“tigaozerenxinghetoumingdu,jianlishequxinrenyutigaozhifajigouzhiyeshuizhun”、“renzhengguanpeixun”、“xiaoyuanzhifahejingshenjiankangweixiepingguzuijiafangan”、“yuehuibaoliyuxingqin:xueshengyinglejiexuexiaodeanjianhuibaohechulijizhi”、“guanyuxiaoyuananquanhefeiyiminwaiguoxueshengdewenti”、“shejiaomeitiheshuzihuashequ:zhifagongzuodexinbanfa”、“wuwuzhuangdebaoweirenyuanruheyingduihuodongqiangshou”、“dizhibaolixiangmu”、“duixiaoyuananquanlingdaocenghexiangguanfuzerendepeixuncelvejishiyujingyuxingqin”、“shujukeshiweifenxiduijuecezhedezhongyaoxing”、“muqiandequshi:shequjingwufangshi”、“jianlishequhezuohuobanguanxi“。

er、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlimianlindefuzaxingshi

幸运农场xiaoyuananquanshimeiguoshehuigejiegaoduguanzhudeketi。meiguojiaoyubu( department of education)hesifabu( department ofjustice)meiniandouhuilianhebanbu《xiaoyuananquanhefanzuizhibiaotixifenxi( indicators of school crime and safety)》,genjumeiguolianbangdiaochajuguanyugaoxiaofanzuishujutongjikeyikanchu,mousha、qiangjian、qiangjie、renshengongji、rushidaoqie、qichedaoqiehezonghuodengzaimeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanligongzuodezhongdian。

(yi)wenhuarongruchongtu

幸运农场meiguoshigeyimindaguo,xuexiaodexueshenglaiyuangouchengjiaoweiduoyuanhua,laizibutongguojiayimindezinvdaiyouxianmingdebenminzuhuobenguodewenhuahesiweifangshi,tamenyaobuduanshiyingherongrumeiguodewenhua,qijianbansuiwenhuashangdechongtushibukebimiande,zheizhongchongtukenengchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandeqianzaiyinsu。

(er)qiangzhixianxiangtuchu

youyumeiguosuoweideminzhusixiangheliyijituandezunao,youguanjinzhiqiangzhidexiangguanfaannanyitongguoqiangzhidegoumaibianjie,xueshengxiedaixiongqishenzhiqiangxiedeshijianshiyoufasheng,zheichengweixiaoyuanexingshijianfashengdezhongyaoyuanyin。jinnianlaixiaoyuanqiangjianchengweirenmengaoduguanzhudexiaoyuananquanshijian,qijidadizengjialerenmendekongjuganheduixuexiaoanquandedanxin,qipohuaichengduyuelaiyueda,duiyuxueshengxinlishangzaochengdechuangshangjiaoyiwangzengqiang。

(san)exingyouyinduoyang

tongguoxuexixingyunnongchangfaxian,meiguogecixiaoyuanqiangjiandefashengjuefeiouran,ershishehuiwenti、jiatingwenti、jiaoyuwentidengzhangqiwufajiejuedaozhidejieguo,shihenduowentizhangqileijidejizhongbaofa。xueshenghuodedupindequdaogengjiarongyi,xueshengxidurenshudezengjiayoudaozhiqitagaoweixingweidefasheng,rubaolibuanquanxingxingweideng,dupinchengweiyingxiangxiaoyuananquandezhongyaoyoufayinsu。xiaoyuanlideanquanwentizhishibingshanzhiyijiao,qibeihousuofanyingdeshehuihejiatingwentigengyinggaiyinqirenmendeguanzhuyufansi。

(si)bumengeziweizheng

幸运农场guanyumeiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibingfeiwanmeiwuque,bumenzhijiancunzaigeziweizhengdexianxiang,xuduofangmianmeiyouxingchenglianghaodehezuojizhi。xiaoyuananquanshiyigefeichangfuzadeshehuiwenti,xuyaogebumendetonglixiezuo,ranerzaisifabumen、shehuiguanlibumenzhijianrengrancunzaixianghutuojiededifang,zaimouxielingyucunzaizhekongbaidianhemangdian。

san、meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlixingyunnongchangdetedian

(yi)xiaoyuananquanguanliqiangdiao“fazhi”

zaixiaozutaolunzhong,guojiaxiaoyuangonggonganquanzhongxinzhuguan kim richmondchanshule“21shijiweihuxiaoyuangonggonganquandeyuanzeyijixiaoyuangonggonganquanfuxiandewenti”,weikesenlindaxuejingzhangjieshaole“gongzhengzhifa”,dengdeng。zheixiezhutitaolunhefayan,keyikanchumeiguoxiaoyuananquanguanlijuyouxiangduiwanshandefalvheguizhang、zhuanmendexiaoyuanjingchajigou、fanzuijingbaotixi、fanzuiyufangtixi。zai20shiji90niandai,meiguozhengfuhaichutaile《xiaoyuananquanfa》,zhengshiquerenlemeiguogaoxiaodejingchazhidu,yicilaijiaqianggaoxiaodeanquanbaoweigongzuo,shixiaoyuandeanquanbaoweigongzuoyoufakeyi。muqian,meiguozaixuexiaoanquanbaoweifangmianyijingxingchengleyizhengtaodefalvfagui。ru《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》he《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》deng。《xiaoyuanjinqiangfa》guidingsuoyoujieshoumeiguolianbangjiaoyujijindediqubixutongguo《gaishanxiaoyuanhuanjingfaan》,yangejinzhizaixiaoxueshengxiedairenheqiangzhijinruxiaoyuan,fouzexuexiaojiangyouquanduixueshengzuochukaichudechufen。youyudupindefanlanyerongyiyin|qibaoli,duizhenggexiaoyuananquangouchengyanzhongdeweixie。yinci,meiguoyihuiyoutongguole《xiaoyuan、shehuijindujianquanfa》,cifalvweifangzhixiaoyuanbaolifashenghuodongtigongbiyaodezijinzhichi,tongshiyeshunyingshidaiyaoqiu,zongjielexinxingshixiaxiaoyuanbaolishijianchengxianchudexintedian,fengfuheshenhuale《xiaoyuananquanfa》debufenneirong。xiaoyuananquandelifashejidaoyuxueshengquanyixiangguandefangfangmianmian,congyishizhuxingdaoxinlijiankangdeng,yinciyaojingenshidaidefazhanhexueshengdexuqiu,ru《wucanfa》( national school lunchact)、《anquantoukuifa》( bicyclehelmet laws)、《xiaochefa》 ischool bus law)dengduiyuxueshenganquanmiqiexiangguandegegefangmianjinxinglelifa。

(er)xiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu

幸运农场meiguofangmiancanjiaxuexitaolundezhutijiaoyuyanjiangrenhefayanrenduoshuweijingguan,kejianmeiguozaixiaoyuananquanguanlimoshizhongyijingjianlilexiangduiwanshandexiaoyuanjingchazhidu。zaiquanshijiefanweinei,meiguodexiaoyuanjingchazhiduchuyulingxiandiwei。2001niande9.11shijianzhihou,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhidujinglilezhongdabianhua。xiaozuxuexitaolunshidezhi,cong1986niandao2016niande30nianjian,meiguogaoxiaoanquanguanlibumengongzuoliangzuidaeshiwucongtingcheguanlizhuanbianweianjiandiaocha,yufangheyingduikongbuxijihetufashijianyechengweileshouyaozhize。meiguoxiaoyuanjingchadewenhuasuzhishibijiaogaode,yibandouyouxueshixuewei,qizhongyibufenjingguanjuyoushuoshixuewei,yaoyingpinxiaoyuanjingcha,shixianbixutongguoguojiagongwuyuankaoshi;qici,xiaoyuanjingchazailuyongzhiqianhaibixujieshoujingchapeixunzhongxinweiqi8zhoudeyewaixunlian,zaizhixiaoyuanjingchameinianhaibixudaojingchapeixunzhongxinjieshoubutongqixiandeyewupeixun,dadaozhishijinengbuduangengxindemude,kaoshibuhegejiangbeitaotai。zaifuyuxiaotongjingchazhiquandetongshi,meiguofalvtongshiyeyangeguidinglexiaoyuanjingchadezhize。

jutieryan,meiguoxiaoyuanjingchayibanchengdanlianggefangmiandezhineng:yishianquanguanlidezhineng,jianquanfangfan、yufangfanzui、weihuxiaoyuanzhianzhixu、weishishenganquanxingyunnongchang。ershizhifadezhineng,jiyizhaofalvguiding,zhenchapoan、dajifanzui、baozhangxuexiaocaichanheshishengyuangongderenshencaichananquan。biru,xiaoyuanjingchajunjubeiyibandejiuhuzhishi,qixunluocheshangdoubeiyoujijiubaoheyaopin,suishizhunbeijiuzhishangzhe。

(san)zhuzhongfanzuiyufangjizhixingyunnongchang

meiguojiaoyubu james i. moorexiangxijieshao《kelailifaan》deqingkuang,xingyunnongchangdezhigaifaanshigenju1986nianzaisushebeishadexueshengzhennikelailimingmingde,congci《kelailifaan》quelilexinxigongkaizheiyimeiguogaoxiaofangfanxiaoyuanbaolidezhongyaozhidu。cifaankendinglexueshenghegongzhongduixuexiaoanquandezhiqingquan,mingquexuexiaoanquanbaogaozhiduhefanzuitongjibaogaozhidu,guidinggaodengjiaoyujigouyingdanggongkaiyuxiaoyuanyouguandezhengcehechengxu,tigongyuxingshifanzuixingweiyouguandeshuju,baokuogongli、silidaxuejiguowaifenxiaozaineidegaodengjiaoyujigouquelileyuanquananbaoxiangguandeyaoqiu。tongshi,meiguoxiaoyuananquanfaguiding,suoyoudegonglixuexiaohedaxueyaofabuzijixiaoyuandeniandufanzuiziliao。xueshengyinggaizairuxueqianhuozhigaixiaodefanzuilv,yijianchaxiaoyuananquan。xuexiaoyaojiangzheiyibaogaogongbuzaiqixiaoyuanwangzhanshangdezhianhuozheanquanfangfanyemianyibeichayue。tangruoxuexiaoweifanlecixiangfaan,jiangmianlinmeiguojiaoyubudejuefakuandengxiangyingchufacuoshi。

幸运农场muqian,zaiquanmeigaoxiaoliuxingzheyizhongweijiganyujizhijiaozuosanjiyufangganshejizhi。chujiweijiganyu:cezhongyuyufanggeleiweijifashengdexiangguanfangyutixidegoujian,ruanquanjiaoyu、xinlishaicha、zhuanyeyuanzhudeng。erjiweijiganyu:cezhongyuduiweijidekuaisuxiangying,zheibaokuoweijifashengqian、zhengzhaochuxianshiduiyugaoweirenqundekuaisushaichaheweixiangeduan,yijiweijifashenghou,diyishijiancaiquxiangyingxingdong,duixiangguanrenqunkaizhanganyu,bimianxianyouheqianzaideweijikuodahua。sanjiweijiganyu:yingyongyuweijihoudexiufuhebangzhu,zhuzhangzhuanyerenyuandejieru,duiweijizaochengdexinlichuangshangzhankaizhangqi、wending、zhuizongshidefuzhuhediaojie。

meiguoxiaoyuanfeichangzhuzhongyikaokejifangfanshouduanjianlileduogongnengdefanghuo、fangdao、jiaotonganquan、baojingdengdianzixinxijiankongyanmideanquanfangfantixi,shixiaoyuananquanfangfanxingchenglezonghengjiaocuo、dianmianjiehedeyanmiwangluo。yishiduogongnengdianzijiankongxitong。jibenquanmeigexuexiaodoujianyouyigedianzijiankongzhongxintongguoanzhuangzaixiaoyuanzhuyaojiaotonglukou、tingchechang、zhongyaoloumenheqitazhongyaobuweideshexiangtantoutou,duixiaoyuanqingkuangjinxing24xiaoshijiankong。zhibanzhongxinjijiankong、baojing、diaodu、jiuzhugongnengweiyiti。ershianquanfanghuojishuxitong。meiguoxuexiaodejianzhudaduoshudouyouxiaofangbaojingxitong,pubiananzhuanglezidongpenlinzhuangzhi,peiyoubleidemiehuoqicai,shineiwaixiaohuoshuanshuliangduo,nenggoubaozhengtigongchongzudemiehuoshuiyuan。xiaofangbaojingxitongyujiankongzhongxinzhijiexianglian,yidanfashenghuoqing,nenggoulijijiangbaojingxinxichuandidaojiankongzhongxinhuodifangxiaofangbu

幸运农场(si)anquanguanlilinianzhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”

meiguoxiaoyuanjingchazhisuoyinengdedaoshehuiderenke、chengweixuexiaoheshishenganquanxingyunnongchangdeyoushengli

liang.zhuyaoyuanyutamenzailvxingzishenzhizeshizhuzhong“xingyunnongchang”linian。meiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifeichangzhongshiguanliliniandegengxin,yi“xingyunnongchang”guanlilinianweiguangdajiaozhiyuangongjixueshengxingyunnongchang。zaixuexixingyunnongchangzhong,wulunshiyanjiangrenhaishifayanrendoufanfuqiangdiao,zaimeiguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlifangmian,anquanguanlixitongdegongzuorenyuandouyaoba“xingyunnongchang”yishifangzaihexinlichang,zunzhong、lijiemeiyigejiaozhiyuangonghexueshengdegerenxuqiu,yiduixuexiaofuzerendetaiduweixuexiaojiaozhiyuangonghexueshengtigongyigeanquanjiankanghexiedexuexi、gongzuoheshenghuohuanjing。shizhongyirenbenhuade、duoyangxingdeanquanxingyunnongchangxingshiweiquanxiaoshishengxingyunnongchang,ruxuexiaoanquanhuweiduiweishishengtigongyiwuhusongxingyunnongchang,shijianjiaowanshihuweiduihuiyingshishengdeyaoqiujiangqianquansongdaogongyu、chezhandeng;anquanyuanmeitian24xiaoshixunluo;anquanyuankeyitigongjinjiyuanzhuhejijiu;xiaoyuanjingchazhihuixiaoyuanjiaotong;deng。

si、duixingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoxiaoyuananquanguanlideqishi

幸运农场hexie、zhihui、shengtaideanquanxiaoyuanshihexieshehuidezhongyaojichuhezuchengbufen,shehuinengfouzuodaohexie,xuexiaojianfuzhezhongyaodezeren,fahuizhebuketidaidezuoyong。tongshi,anquanhezhixushihexiedezuigaojingjie,shiyiqiegongzuodejichu,erxiaoyuananquanyoushixiaoyuanhexiedegenbenbaozhang。tongguodaomeiguogaoxiaocanjiaxiaoyuananquanguanlixuexixingyunnongchang,xingyunnongchangrenweiyoubiyaojiakuaixiaoyuananquanguanlidegaige,jianzhanglizhi,lishunguanxi,goujianwanshan、gaoxiao、xiediaodexiaoyuananquanguanlitizhi。

(yi)tuijinxiaoyuanfazhihuaguanlixingyunnongchang

jinnianlai,jutongjibiaoming,qingshaonianfanzuizongshuyijingzhandaolequanguoxingshifanzuizongshude70%yishang,suoyiguojiafalvshifouyinggaijinyibujiaguqingshaonianfanzuifa,shifouyinggaicaiqumeiguoduiqingshaonianfanzuishiyongde“lingrongren”yanlizhengce,chengweiledajiadereyihuati。danshipaokaifalvcengmiandeyinsubutan,xuexiaohejiazhangyinggaijiaqiangduihaizishenghuo、xinggedeguanxin,erbushiyiweidizhuzhongchengji。

yumeiguoxiaoyuanjingchangfashengdelanshawugushidechiqiangkongbuxijibutong,xingyunnongchangguoxiaoyuanfashengdebaolishangrenwentiwangwangshiyinweizaoshouhuozirenweizaoshoubugongzhengdaiyuqiechuyuwuchushenzhangdekunjing,youciyinfachugerenduishehuidebumanheduitarendefennu。genjuchaoyangfayuandui2011nianzhi2015nianshenlide20yujianxiaoyuanbaolifanzuianjinxingdiaoyanfaxian,gaoda70%dexiaoyuanbaolifanzuiweibaofuxingfanzui。chucizhiwai,zhongguodaxuexiaoyuanneifashengdedabufenbaolishijian,zhuyaoshiyishehuishangdechengnianrenxiangxueshengquntijinxingdebaoliqinhai。zaixiaoyuanneibaolihebalingshijianjingchangjianzhuwangluomeiti。erzaimeiguoxiaoyuannei,falvfaguishiyindaoxiaoyuananquanguanlizouxiangguifanhuahezhengchanghuadezhongyaoyiju。yinci,xingyunnongchangzhiyouzhidingzhuanmendexiaoyuanfalvfagui,cainengshiyingdangqianshehuichuyuzhuanxingqi、xuexiaoxunmengfazhan、xiaoyuananquanzhuangkuanglingrenjiuxindefuzaxingshi,cainengshixiaoyuananquanguanligongzuoyoufakeyi、youzhangkexun、youtiaobuwen,cainenggengyouxiao、gengjishi、gengzhunquedifangfan、dajigezhongweihaishengmingcaichananquanhezhixudeweifafanzuihuodong,cainengjianshao、bimiangeleixiaoyuananquanshiguheanjian,chuangzaoandingyouxu、hexiepingjingdexiaoyuanhuanjing

(er)changtongxiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchang

幸运农场xingyunnongchangkeyixuexijiejianmeiguodaxuezaixiaoyuananquanguanlixitongxingyunnongchangfangmiandechengshuzuofa,jianliyangedexiaoyuananquanguanlitixi。meiguogaoxiaodeanquanguanlijigoupangda,jigoufenzhiduo,bumenshezhiduoyuanhuagebumengongzuozhinengmingquehua。meiguozhongduodaxuedexiaoyuananquanguanlixitong,baokuogonggonganquan、yingjianquan、xiaofanganquanheshiyanshianquandengbumen。shiyanshianquanyouxihuaweishengwu、huaxuehewulianquan,xitongzhonggebumengesiqizhi,gejinqize,xiediaohezuo。erxingyunnongchangguogaoxiaoanquanguanlijigouzhuyaoyoubaoweichu(ke)、baoanduiyijixiaoweiduidengsanbufenzucheng,bufengaoxiaodeanquanguanlibumenzhishezhiyoubaoweichu,baoweichuguanlixuexiaobaokuoxiaofang、yingjihegonggonganquanzaineidesuoyouanquanshiwu,qizhizeguangfan,gongzuozhinengjiaobumingque。ciwai,yixieanquanguanlirenyuanfensanzaixuexiaogegedanwei,rushiyanshianquanrenyuan、tushuguananquanrenyuandeng,bushuxiaoyuananquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,zheixiedoubuliyuxiaoyuananquangongzuodeshunlikaizhan。yinci,jiangxuexiaoxiangguananquangongzuoguishuanquanguanlijigoutongyiguanli,bingmingquegebumendegongzuozhineng,shixiananquanguanlijigoushezhiduoyuanhua,congercujinanquanguanligongzuodeshunlijinxing。

幸运农场(san)chuangjianlitihuaxiaoyuananquanfangkongtixi

congmeiguoxiaoyuananquanyufangdecuoshilaikan,xiandaihuadekexuejishuzaifanghuo、fangdao、baojingqiuzhu、jianshaorenshenshanghai、weihuxiaoyuanjiaotonganquandengzhuduofangmianyouzheguangfandeyingyong。birumenjinxitong、anquanjiankongxitong、baojingqiuzhuxitongdengdeng。xiandaihuafangfanjishudeyingyong,shidexiaoyuananquanguanlibumennengjishifaxianwenti,xunsuchudongjingli,youxiaoshishikongzhi,yeshidejubaofanzuihebaojingqiuzhugengjiajianbianyixing。youci,duixingyunnongchangguolaijiang,yinggaijiangjishufangfanwangluoxingyunnongchangzuoweichuangjianpingananxiaoyuandeyixiangzhongyaogongchengzhuahao,bingzhelijianliyixiliejifangxitong。yishijianlixiandaihuadeyujingjiankongxitong。yujingjiankongxitongzhuyaobaokuoruzhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong、xiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong。jianlizhinenghuadeshipinjiankongxitong,liyonggaoxiaoipwangluo,tongguoshuzihuayinshipinchulijiipjishu,shixianshipinjiankongxitongdelianwang,duixiaoyuandezhongdianbuwei、yaohaibuweijinxingshishijiankonghezhangwo。jianlixiandaihuadexiaofangjiankongxitong,zaixiaoyuanzhongdianbuweianzhuangxiaofangzhinengshebeihebaojingxitong,xingchengshipinjiankong、xiaofangjiankongwangluoyitihua,tongyizaixiaoyuan110zhihuishizhangkongzhixia。ershijianlixiaoyuanwangluoyuqingjiankongzhongxin。wangluoweigaoxiaobaoweigongzuokaipilexindekongjian,tigonglexindeshouduan。jianlihewanshanxiaoyuanwangluoguanliguizhangzhidu,gaoxiaodangwei、xingzhengdouyaojiaqianglingdao,fengongzhuanrenfuze,jingchangzhuyijiancha、ducuguizhangzhidudeluoshi,fanshejidaoanquan、baomifangmiandexinxiyilvbuzhunshangwang。yaojianliyouxinxijishubumenqiantoudewangluoyuqingjiankongtixi,jiankongbuliangdezhengzhixinxi、huangsexinxi,zhapianxinxihewangluofanzuixinxideng。sanshijianlixiaoyuanshitianquanwangkongtixi。zaixiaoyuananquanxunfangfangmian,yaoyoudianfangkong,birumenweihezhibandian、zhiangangting(anxusheli);yaoyouxianfangkong,zujianzhuanyexunluoduiheyingjifendui,mibushipinjiankongmangqu,fangzhijiaotongshigufasheng,erqiexianfangkongheshipinjiankongjiehe,keyiyouxiaodezhensheweifafanzuifenzi。yaoyoumianfangkong,baxiaoyuanfenchengjigezerenfangkongqu,meigefangkongqugesiqizhi,duixiaofanganquan、daolujiaotong、anquanyinhuanzhuyijinxingjiancha,fanghuanyuweiran,xingchengzhuanfangyuqunfang、renxunyuchexun、shoudianyuliudongxiangjiehe,zuodaoxunluoquantianhoufugai。

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